Accelerate Gently and Coast to Decelerate
According to one study referenced by Natural Resources Canada, frequent “jackrabbit” starts and hard braking reduce travel time by only 4 percent, but increase fuel consumption by 39 percent. A lot of energy is used trying to get a vehicle up to cruising speed – energy which is lost when the vehicle is forced to slow down unnecessarily as it tailgates the driver in front. To maximize your fuel efficiency, take five seconds to accelerate your vehicle up to 20 km/h from a stop.
Whenever possible, plan your route to combine many stops into one trip. Your vehicle is more fuel efficient when it is warmed up, so several short trips with a cold engine can use twice as much gas than one longer trip.
If you are parked and waiting, turn off your vehicle. Idling can burn roughly 1 to 2 litres of gas per hour, while restarting your car only uses about 10 seconds worth of fuel.